in the workplace is of the utmost importance with insurance prices
rising and injuries in the office occuring frequently. The following
is a list of non-ergonomic actions used in retrieving and refiling
media every day in filing systems. Do you find yourself bending, twisting, reaching, stooping, or climbing
to get to your records? If so, you are not using the "Golden Zone" for optimal ergonomic safety
and ADA compliance.
only filing system set up for true ergonomic and ADA compliance
is the Hanel Rotomat Office File Vertical Carousel Filing System.
specifications that apply most directly to document filing are
requirements for clear space, forward reach, side reach and knee
clearance requirements for accessibility of wheelchairs.
floor or ground space for wheelchairs
The EEOC would consider a filing area that provides a 2.5 feet
by 4 feet of clear floor or ground space accessible by a single,
stationary wheelchair and its occupant. The employer may position
this minimum clear floor or ground space for forward or parallel
approach to the filing area.
If clear floor space permits access only from the front, the ADA
requires that you should not have to reach higher than 48 inches.
If they are approaching from the side, they should not have to
reach higher than 54 inches and no lower than 15 inches from the
there is an obstruction - like a counter over which they must
reach, the high forward reach requirement is based on how far
users are expected to reach without bending. If it requires them
to reach less than 20 inches without bending forward, the 48 inch
height requirement remains as if there were no obstruction. If
it allows them to reach between 20 and 25 inches without bending
forward, then the high reach requirement is 44 inches.
clearing an obstruction requires them to reach more than 25 inches,
however, then the facility would not be considered accessible
because this would be difficult for a wheelchair bound worker
to reach without bending forward.
For parallel or side approach, there are similar considerations.
Since the side approach enables the person to get closer to the
equipment, the maximum forward height is 54 inches. Likewise,
the low forward reach is nine inches, since the side approach
would allow a little more flexibility.
there is an obstruction, the person must not be required to reach
more than 24 inches without bending to the side, no higher than
44 inches and no lower than nine inches.
In addition to changing forward and side reach requirements, obstructions
such as countertops also impact approach. The space beneath the
obstruction must be between 27 and 34 inches. Low enough to enable
maximum reach without bending forward, high enough to allow the
user to maneuver underneath it. Likewise, if there is forward
access to the equipment, the space below obstruction must be deep
enough not to interfere with forward reach requirements.
can be found in DOJ 28 Code of Federal Regulations Part 36, Revised
as of July 1, 1994
Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations
and in Commercial Facilities